According to a study by Oxford University, about 47 percent of the jobs in the USA become superfluous as digitalisation progresses. In Germany, the Center for European Economic Research estimates that about 42 percent of jobs in Germany will be affected. Nevertheless, the current unemployment rate in Germany is only 4.9 percent. The number of university entrants is also rising. So how do the results of the studies and current reality fit together? Does digitisation of the labour market ultimately mean job loss or job change?
It's a question that doesn't have a blanket answer. However, it is certain that in the past jobs were already partially or completely replaced by other activities. With the boom of the automobile industry from the 19th century onwards, the number of workers at vehicle manufacturers increased, and at the same time the number of farriers decreased. Today we face other challenges, because artificial intelligence, algorithms and robots - the drivers of today's change - do not create new jobs as in the past.
According to the Deloitte Student Monitor, in addition to a good salary, interesting tasks and a pleasant work atmosphere, job security is particularly important for employees when choosing a career. Among other things, technical progress is redesigning those jobs that are highly automated. Here, machines or programs can often work faster, more efficiently and more cost-effectively. A concrete example at this point is the (parcel) transport to the customer by drone, both internally and externally. Similarly, work that is considered dangerous or simply not demanding for humans can be carried out by machines. But there is no universal robot that can do everything and replace everyone, which means that technological change does not necessarily have to be badmouthed.
The human being will not become superfluous at all, even if many future jobs are not yet known today. In the course of digital change, however, it is becoming increasingly doubtful that the majority of career starters will spend an entire working life in their learned profession. Just as computing power and storage capacities change, so do job profiles for employees. A first step here is a general open-mindedness towards new technologies and further training. In the future, broad qualification profiles will become increasingly important and ultimately the key factor for professional success.
Professions with a social character, such as nursing or education, will, however, be retained in the future. Nevertheless, they are also subject to change. In education in particular, the magic word is digital revolution. So there will be a mixture of online and offline teaching content to take the next generation on the digital journey. Soft skills such as social competence and empathy are already decisive qualities that employees must bring with them now and also in the working world of tomorrow.
Big data and artificial intelligence will be represented everywhere in the modern working world and, at the same time, it will be impossible to imagine management without them. But even if AI is able to make decisions independently and thus flatten existing hierarchies, it still needs a contributor who monitors the processes and intervenes under certain circumstances. This means that IT-oriented occupations are particularly in demand.
Correlating with the topic around cybersecurity, the job profiles of the data steward and the IT security expert move into the foreground. Together with appropriate systems, Data Stewards ensure the protection of customer data and monitor compliance with the company's compliance guidelines. The IT security expert, on the other hand, is responsible for protecting against cyber attacks. He is constantly on the lookout for new solutions and ways to improve existing security systems. Companies and the labor market already have a lack of security experts. As a result, salaries are rising for the few specialists who can also choose a job.
Another profession that is already in high demand is the SAP consultant. Due to the significant increase in productivity that SAP offers companies, it is to be expected that the demand for competent consultants who are able to integrate data into SAP cloud platforms will continue to rise. The complexity of the software demands a new job description such as SAP Consultant. In addition to implementing the processes and adapting the product to the company, the consultant is also responsible for the training of users. The introduction of the software has a considerable impact on the organization and its business processes, resulting in new tasks, job profiles or even entire new department structures.
The profession of Cloud Architect, the all-rounder of IT specialists, must lead the field ahead. They design the cloud infrastructure, constantly develop it further and deal with the introduction of App Services, Advanced Appilcations and Data Access, among other things. Their basic knowledge includes manufacturer-specific topics about Microsoft or Oracle and about security and user administration. Experienced cloud specialists can restore the various systems at any time and even with complex AWS (Amazon Web Services) applications, for example, they do not lose track.
The upcoming career profile of the SEO expert should not be embezzled. They are becoming increasingly important. In order to really be considered an SEO expert, a so-called three-level understanding is indispensable. From a technical point of view, the structure of the website must be understood in order to estimate how difficult or easy it is for the search engine to read the content. Furthermore, on- and off-page optimizations must be possible. This includes checking the use of HTML tags and keywords on the one hand and setting links on the other.
But creative professions such as Social Media Manager, Graphic Designer, Textmanager or Communication Designer, which have increasingly emerged in recent years, are also becoming more and more in demand as digitalisation progresses, both on the part of employers and employees.
However, technological change is not the only challenge facing society. The increasingly interconnected world - globalisation for short - also has an influence on the labour market of the future. At the same time, demographic change must be mentioned, which describes the continuous aging of the population with fewer and fewer young people. Climate change will also influence tomorrow's world of work, as new occupations and occupational groups are emerging in this area in order to be able to create solutions.
ARTS is also looking for committed employees to join us on the road to the future. In our job exchange you will find a variety of interesting and challenging jobs. If you cannot find a suitable vacancy for your profession, please send us an unsolicited application.